22 Dec 2020
On November 15th we celebrated the Chemistry Day. This day was chosen since it is Saint Albert, patron of the Chemical Sciences students. We are going to talk about some important chemists, their discoveries and how they have contributed with, in most cases, great developments in the chemistry and science history.
Let us begin with the Japanese chemist Akira Suzuki(1930 – Present), Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2010. Akira Suzuki discovered a coupling reaction involving a boronic acid, an organohalide and Palladium. This reaction is known as the Suzuki reaction.
We now turn to the contribution of Otto Paul Hermann Diels(1876 - 1954) and Kurt Alder(1902 – 1958), which both won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1950, and are known for documenting the Diels-Alder reaction. It is a pericyclic cycloaddition reaction between a conjugated diene and a dienophile. This reaction allows the formation of 6-membered rings with some control over stereochemistry.
Delving into the world of biochemistry we would like to highlight Emil Fischer(1852 - 1919), who worked throughout his career in organic synthesis as well as spending time on enzymology, the study of proteins and the synthesis of new drugs. Fischer gave his name to many reactions, basides the famous Fischer projection. His work with sugars stands out, for which he received the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1902. He also worked with synthetic peptides.
Another notable biochemist, who also worked on peptide synthesis, was Robert Bruce Merrifield(1921 - 2006), who stands out for his invention of the important technique of solid-state peptide synthesis. This new way of preparing peptide chains of greater lengths made it possible to do it faster and much less laborious than in solution, leading to advances in many branches of biochemistry, pharmacology, medicine, and facilitating the study of enzymes, hormones and antibodies.
You can check all the products related to these discoveries on our website.
Remember to write down this date on your calendar, since chemistry is present in our day to day and thanks to it we continue making progress as a society in sectors such as medical sciences, technology, etc.